Andrology Men's Health and Infertility

  • Male Infertility is a health issue in men that lowers the chances of natural conception of a baby by his female partner with his sperm. A man's fertility depends on the quantity and quality of his sperm.

  • Sexual Dysfunction is referred to a situation when there is any kind of physical problem including:

    - Low testosterone levels

    - Blood vessel disorders

  • Removal of the foreskin, the skin covering the tip of the penis from the human penis is called Male Circumcision. In the most common procedure, the foreskin is opened, adhesions are removed, and the foreskin is separated from the glans. The procedure takes about 15 to 30 minutes.

  • Penile Curvature is an abnormal bend that occurs in the penis during erection. It could occur by birth and be associated with condition like hypospadias ( abnormal opening of the urethra). It may also be a result of Peyronie disease.

  • Penis augmentation or enlargement surgery is medically known as phalloplasty. It is a procedure to permanently enlarge the penis. Penile enlargement is seeked by men for both physical and psychological reasons. While the length of the penis is the primary concern, the penis enlargement surgery can also widen the penis.

Andrology, Mens Health andInfertility (Brief)

Male Infertility is a health issue in men that lowers the chances of natural conception of a baby by his female partner with his sperm. A man's fertility depends on the quantity and quality of his sperm. If the sperm that the man ejaculates is less in count or is of poor quality, it makes it difficult, or sometimes impossible for him to make his partner pregnant. Infertility is a widespread problem and approximate 10% males suffer with male infertility. It is estimated that 5% men have some kind of infertility problem with low numbers of sperm and 1% male have no sperm in their ejaculate. It is worthwhile to note that almost half of all infertile couples have a male factor, either alone or in combination with a female factor, as the cause of infertility. There is no obvious sign of infertility and many men are able to get erection, have intercourse and ejaculate. The appearance of the ejaculated semen appears normal to naked eyes and medical tests are needed to check the quality of and quality of sperm.

Male sexual dysfunction

Sexual Dysfunction is referred to a situation when there is any kind of physical problem including :

- Low testosterone levels

- Blood vessel disorders

- Stroke or nerve damage from diabetes or surgery

- Smoking

- Excessive alcohol consumption

- Drug abuse

psychological problem including :

Concern about sexual performance
Marital or relationship problems
Depression
Feelings of guilt
Effects of past sexual trauma
Work-related stress and anxiety

that prevents you or your partner from getting sexual satisfaction. Male sexual dysfunction is a common health problem and may affect men from all ages, however is more common with increasing age.

The main types of male sexual dysfunction are:

1.Erectile dysfunction: It is the inability to get and keep an erection for sexual intercourse. Erectile dysfunction is a very common problem could be caused by:

a.Diseases affecting blood flow such as hardening of the arteries
b.Nerve disorders
c.Stress, relationship conflicts, depression, and performance anxiety
d.Injury to the penis
e.Chronic illness such as diabetes and high blood pressure
f.Unhealthy habits like smoking, drinking too much alcohol, overeating, and lack of exercise.

2.Ejaculation Disorders: Ejaculation disorder could be of various types:

a.Premature Ejaculation: It is a situation in which ejaculation occurs before or too soon after penetration. This could be a result of depression, stress, history of sexual repression, low self-confidence, or lack of communication or unresolved conflict with partner. Studies show that certain drugs and antidepressants may affect ejaculation. Other cause could be the nerve damage to the back or spinal cord.
b.Delayed or inhibited ejaculation: It is a condition is which ejaculation doesn't happen or takes very long time. It could be caused due to a chronic health problem, side effects of certain medication, alcohol abuse of surgeries. It could also be caused due to psychological factors such as depression, anxiety, stress or relationship problems.
c. Retrograde Ejaculation: It is a condition in which the ejaculate during orgasm is forced back into the bladder rather than through the end of the penis. This kind of a problem is most common in males suffering with diabetes. In some men, retrograde ejaculation could be due to problems with the bladder nerves which force the ejaculate to flow backward.

Prostate problems

The prostate is a walnut-sized gland found only in men just below the bladder. It surrounds the urethra (the tube that carries urine through the penis). The prostrate is responsible for making fluid for semen. With age, the prostrate grows naturally and usually without any problems.
All men are at risk of prostate problem that could include:

1. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), also known as an enlarged prostate. It is a condition in which the prostate grand grows to an unhealthy size. The enlarged prostate compresses the urethra, making urination difficult. Common symptoms of BPH include:

-Frequent Urination

-Feeling that you are unable to get all urine out

-Difficulty getting a urine stream going

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia doesn't lead to prostate cancer.

2. Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. The risk of prostate cancer increases with age and could be caused due to family history. It is also more common is African-American men. They are more likely to get prostate cancer than Caucasians, and the cancer is usually more advanced when discovered.

3.Prostatitis: It is a condition in caused due to inflammation or an infection of the prostate, often caused by bacteria. It is more common in young and middle-aged men.

Genital surgeries Circumcision:

Andropause, also known as male menopause is an age-related problem that occurs in men due to changes in male hormone levels.
Andropause involves a drop in testosterone (a hormone produced by the testes to fuel the sex drive) production in men over the age of 50.It is also known as testosterone deficiency, androgen deficiency and late-onset hypogonadism.

Male menopause can cause physical, sexual and psychological problems such as, depression, low energy, lowered self-confidence, insomnia, increased body fat, gynecomastia, erectile dysfunction, reduced libido and infertility. One may also experience decreased testicle size, hot flashes and loss of body hair.

Genital surgeries Circumcision:

Removal of the foreskin, the skin covering the tip of the penis from the human penis is called Male Circumcision. In the most common procedure, the foreskin is opened, adhesions are removed, and the foreskin is separated from the glans. The procedure takes about 15 to 30 minutes.
The procedure is usually done on newborn babies for religious reasons. In older children or adults the procedure can be performed to treat certain conditions like:
- balanoposthitis (inflammation of the tip and foreskin of the penis)
- phimosis (inability to retract the foreskin)
- paraphimosis (when the foreskin is retracted and can't be returned to its original position)

Penile curvature

Penile Curvature is an abnormal bend that occurs in the penis during erection. It could occur by birth and be associated with condition like hypospadias ( abnormal opening of the urethra). It may also be a result of Peyronie disease. In this condition, the fibrous scar tissue develops in the deep tissues of the penis due to some previous injury to the penis or due to fracture of the penis (injury caused during intercourse). In some cases, it could also be a result of a surgery or radiation treatment for prostate cancer.

Penile augmentation

Penis augmentation or enlargement surgery is medically known as phalloplasty. It is a procedure to permanently enlarge the penis. Penile enlargement is seeked by men for both physical and psychological reasons. While the length of the penis is the primary concern, the penis enlargement surgery can also widen the penis. About one third of the total penis length is hidden inside the body. The penile lengthening procedure helps this hidden part of the penis to exteriorize by cutting the ligaments at the base of the penis through a small incision made on the lower abdomen allowing the penis to lengthen naturally. Tissue is then placed between the pubic bone and the lengthened penis.

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